Dengue fever is the most dangerous disease occur commonly in the rainy season caused by Aedes aegypti mosquito. It is otherwise known as dengue shock syndrome, Philippine hemorrhagic fever. Dengue fever is a viral disease transmitted by infected female mosquito which is day time biter. It is also called as break bone disease because it makes sever joint pain.
The symptoms include high fever after the mosquito bite, abdominal pain, headache, severe joint pain along with rashes, loss of appetite, vomiting sometimes with blood content, bleeding gum, unstable Blood Pressure.
There is no specific treatment available for dengue, management is based on symptoms. So it is essential to diagnose the disease and differentiate from other medical conditions. It is necessary to take blood investigations to check whether the person is infected or if he travelled to a country where there is dengue outbreak.
Diagnostic tests used to rule out Dengue are :
- Dengue IgG and IgM
- Polymerise chain reaction(PCR) test for Dengue
- Complete Blood count
- Platelets count
- Liver Function Test
- Chest X ray
- Coagulation Studies
- Abdominal ultrasound scan
The complications that occur if there is any delay in diagnosing Dengue fever are shock, seizures, brain damage, liver damage, blood transfusion is needed if there is severe blood loss.
Preventive measures include
- Self-protective measures
- Sleep under mosquito net
- Use mosquito repellents
- Early consultation and diagnosing
- Wear protective dress
- Environmental hygiene
- Eliminate the mosquito breeding
- Reduce mosquito habitation
- Remove stagnant water
- Close the doors and windows if possible or use window screens or netting
It is very essential to make early diagnoses of dengue to avoid complications and reduce mortality by using various diagnostic tests available.
In letchek a group of tests are available to diagnose Dengue fever, which includes blood routine, Dengue ns1, liver function test this will help for better opinion. For more details www.letchek.in you will get more information regarding the diagnostic tests available.